Ball-and-socket joint

Ball-shaped surface of one rounded bone fits into the cup-like depression of another bone
Ball and socket joint
Gelenke Zeichnung01.jpg
1: Ball and socket joint; 2: Condyloid joint (Ellipsoid); 3: Saddle joint; 4 Hinge joint; 5: Pivot joint;
Gray327.png
Capsule of shoulder-joint (distended). Anterior aspect.
Identifiers
TA98A03.0.00.050
TA21562
FMA75301
Anatomical terminology
[edit on Wikidata]

The ball-and-socket joint (or spheroid joint) is a type of synovial joint in which the ball-shaped surface of one rounded bone fits into the cup-like depression of another bone. The distal bone is capable of motion around an indefinite number of axes, which have one common center. This enables the joint to move in many directions.

An enarthrosis is a special kind of spheroidal joint in which the socket covers the sphere beyond its equator.[1]

Examples

Examples of this form of articulation are found in the hip, where the round head of the femur (ball) rests in the cup-like acetabulum (socket) of the pelvis; and in the shoulder joint, where the rounded upper extremity of the humerus (ball) rests in the cup-like glenoid fossa (socket) of the shoulder blade.[2] (The shoulder also includes a sternoclavicular joint.)

  • Hip

    Hip

  • Shoulder

    Shoulder

  • Details of hip joint. Femur Femoral Neck Femoral Head Acetabulum Acetabular Labrum Pelvis
    Details of hip joint.
    1. Femur
    2. Femoral Neck
    3. Femoral Head
    4. Acetabulum
    5. Acetabular Labrum
    6. Pelvis

References

Public domain This article incorporates text in the public domain from page 287 of the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)

  1. ^ Platzer, Werner (2008) Color Atlas of Human Anatomy, Volume 1, p.28
  2. ^ And the phalanges (toes, fingers). Introduction to Joints: Synovial Joints - Ball and Socket Joints Archived 2011-07-20 at the Wayback Machine

External links

  • Media related to Spherical joints at Wikimedia Commons
  • The dictionary definition of ball-and-socket joint at Wiktionary
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Joints
Types
  • Fibrous
    • Gomphosis
    • Suture
    • Syndesmosis
    • Interosseous membrane
  • Cartilaginous
    • Synchondrosis
    • Symphysis
  • synovial: Plane joint
    • Hinge joint
    • Pivot joint
    • Condyloid joint
    • Saddle joint
  • synostosis
  • by range of motion: Synarthrosis
  • Amphiarthrosis
  • Diarthrosis
Terminology
Motions
  • general: Flexion/Extension
  • Adduction/Abduction
  • Internal rotation/External rotation
  • Elevation/Depression
  • specialized/upper limbs: Protraction/Retraction
  • Supination/Pronation
  • specialized/lower limbs: Plantarflexion/Dorsiflexion
  • Eversion/Inversion
Components
  • capsular: Joint capsule
  • Synovial fluid
  • Synovial bursa
  • Articular disk/Meniscus
  • extracapsular: Ligament
  • Enthesis
Portal:
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Scientific databases
  • Terminologia Anatomica